Up early again and walked to Kastrup Metro station to make our way to the city centre. We hopped on the Red Bus to Churchill Park. We walked around the gardens in Churchill Park and visited St Albans Church which is often referred to as the English Church, is an Anglican church in Copenhagen. It was built in 1885 for the growing English congregation and designed in the Gothic Revival style. This church is next to the citadel Kastellet and the Gefion Fountain and Langelinie (where the Little Mermaid is located).
Many items of the church's inventory and fittings were donated, including the tiles on the floor and dado which are from Campbell Tile Co. and the carved oakwood pews which were a gift from Thomas Cook and Son. The altarpiece, pulpit and font were donated by Doulton, Lambeth, London.
We then walked to "Kings Gate" and entered Kastellet, one of Denmarks best preserved star fortresses in Northern Europe. It is constructed in the form of a pentagram with bastions at its corners. Kastellet was continuous with the ring of bastioned ramparts which used to encircle Copenhagen but of which only the ramparts of Christianshavn remain today. The walls and grassy areas around Kastellet not only provide protection from invading forces, they also participate in ensuring a large degree of self sufficiency and durability in case of a siege. Thus the cannon and the windmill were both necessary parts of Kastellet. (The fact that some of the cannons actually point toward Copenhagen itself is due to King Kristian the Third's concept of how to rule a country. We left Kastellet and walked down to Langelinie to see the Little Mermaid again. This time the tide was in and someone had tied a helium balloon on her arm.
We hopped back on the bus and went to Rosenborg Castle. Rosenborg Castle features 400 years of splendor, royal art treasures and the Crown Jewels and Royal Regalia. Rosenborg Castle was built by one of the most famous Scandinavian kings, Christian IV, in the early 17th century.
The main attraction is the Knights' Hall with the coronation thrones and three life-size silver lions standing guard. Tapestries on the walls commemorate battles between Denmark and Sweden.
The interiors are well-preserved and you can also see the king's private writing cabinet, his bathroom, and see wax figures of former royal inhabitants.
Rosenborg also houses an exquisite collection of Flora Danica and one of the world's finest Venetian glass collections, both set in tower chambers. The crowns of the Danish kings and queens are kept in special vaults and are embellished with table-cut stones, enamel and gold ornamentation. The crown jewels primarily consist of four garnitures: a diamond set, a ruby set, a pearl set, and an emerald set - the emeralds being among the world's finest.
There are also portraits of Johan Friedrich Struensee and Queen Caroline Mathilde. Caroline Mathilde was married to the insane King Christian 7, but had a fatal love affair with the king's physician Johan Friedrich Struensee. While King Christian 7 was too ill to govern, Struensee led the country for almost two years. He was arrested and executed in 1772, after which Caroline Mathilde was exiled to northern Germany. The portrait of Struensee is from 1824 by Hans Hansen and is a copy of a painting from the hand of painter Jens Juel. The portrait of Queen Caroline Mathilde is from 1771 and painted by Jens Juel.
After we finished the Roseborg Castle Tour we ventured back to the City Square where there was a Fishmongers Festival. There were free tastings of local fish and local beers. There was also bands playing and people singing and dancing in the square. It was a great afternoon. We continued walking around the city and found a trash and treasure market opposite the Metro station, which was a bit of fun looking at other peoples junk. We made our way back to our hotel and freshened up for our Meeting with the Cosmos Tour Group Tour 6930 0910 Jewels of the Baltics and Scandinavia. We met our fellow travellers and tour leader and had a lovely meal at our hotel together.