Holiday injections and medicines you may need
Dumfries And Galloway, UK
Depending upon where you are travelling in the world, you may need travel vaccinations to help to protect you against life-threatening and infectious diseases.
What travel vaccinations are there?
1. Polio vaccination: most people have this as children, so you'll only need to have it to travel if either you didn't have the injection as a child, or its been ten years or more since your injection and you have not yet had a booster injection. Polio is a disease that is spread through the respiratory system, contaminated food and the water supplies. This disease can be found in India, Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan and other regions of the world.
2. Tetanus vaccination: this is another injection we usually have as a child, if it has been 10 years since you had your tetanus injection though, it is time for a booster. Tetanus is something you can get even from staying in the UK.
3. Diphtheria vaccination: another injection received as a child, you only need this injection to travel to certain countries and if you will be living and/or working with the local people.
4. Typhoid vaccination: you will need this if you are travelling to countries where typhoid occurs, this includes countries in Asia, South America, Africa and the Indian sub-continent. Typhoid is spread through water and food that is contaminated, it can cause a number of symptoms including stomach cramps and pains, headache and fever, sickness and/or a loss of appetite.
5. Cholera vaccination: you will need to have cholera vaccination if you are travelling to an area of the world known for cholera outbreaks, such as places in Africa and Asia or the Indian sub-continent.
6. Hepatitis A vaccination: if you are travelling to certain parts of the far east, Africa and central or southern America, then you may need this injection. Hepatitis can cause jaundice and inflammation of the liver, and is spread through food and water that is contaminated.
7. Hepatitis B vaccination: if you are at an increased risk of developing hepatitis B, for example, if you inject drugs, are an aid worker, play contact sports, have more sex than average or more partners than average or are travelling for long periods of time, then you may require this injection.
8. Yellow fever vaccination: this is important as some countries require proof from you that you have been vaccinated from yellow fever before they allow you into the country. You will need this injection if you are travelling to parts of South America or tropical Africa. Yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitos and it can be a very serious disease.
9. Rabies vaccination: you will need this if you are travelling to various parts of Asia and Africa and central and southern America. Rabies is a serious disease as more often than not it is fatal, if you are undertaking any activities such as running or cycling that may make your more high risk you definitely have this injection.
10. Tuberculosis vaccination: this injection is recommended for travellers who haven't had the injection and are under 16 years old.
11. Japanese encephalitis vaccination: you may need this vaccination if you are travelling to Asia, where mosquitos spread this disease, especially in marsh land areas and in places close to rice fields.
12. Tick-borne encephalitis vaccination: you may need this if you are travelling to western and central Europe or Asia and especially if you are intending on camping in forests.
13. MMR (mumps, measles and rubella) Vaccination: usually we are vaccinated for this as a child and so most likely don't need to worry. In Saudi Arabia, they require proof that you have been vaccinated properly against MMR.
Tips and advises brought to you by Madison Welch on behalf of: www.cleanerscleaning.org.uk